Australian timber flooring and timber flooring types

Sizes, colors, species and grades

Sizes, colors, species and grades


Solid timber floors come in a variety of styles – factory finished, unfinished, different sizes, colors, and grades Choosing the style that is best for you is an important decision, and will be based on a your lifestyle, your decorating style, and the area in which you want to install your timber floor. Talk to timber floor installers Sydney to weigh the advantages of each alternative.



Solid T&G flooring (19mm)


60, 65 mm. Due to the narrow profile it’s a more stable wood flooring once set up by flooring installation specialists, less vulnerable to movement influenced by large changes in atmospheric conditions. It is ideally suitable to the large rooms like gyms and halls. It may make a small room to appear bigger.


80, 85, 100 mm These are the most frequent dimensions and most easily available. They are suitable in many rooms in most regions of Australia. A classic example would be 80mm Brushbox flooring, ironbark floor, Tassie oak flooring or 100mm cypress pine flooring or Baltic pine. All the above-named sizes can be secured, nailed or stapled from side of the board during the floorboard installation (secret nailing)


130mm. Preferred method of installation if top nail the boards. While broader boards are available, special focus on wood floor installation methods is imperative to prevent cupping” from using incorrect techniques. Therefore, choosing commercial floor installers in this case is strongly recommended.

This size board provides a rich look to any floor and is suitable in most rooms except little ones as it will make small rooms look smaller. Suitable for most regions of Australia nevertheless not recommended in the tropics. According to Boral timber 130mm size can be secret nailed as well

Secret fixing wide board flooring requires skilled tradespeople, who understand the potential hazards of incorrect installation, and should not be undertaken by novice flooring installers.


Overlay Flooring (14mm)


80 — 85 mm floor covering. This is the most frequent dimensions and most readily available. |} It’s suitable in many rooms in most regions of Australia if installed correctly. Victorian ash, brush box timber, spotted gum flooring or forest reds belong between the most popular.

Decking (19mm)


64 mm. Due to the narrow profile it’s a more stable wood deck after installed being less susceptible to movement brought on by large changes in atmospheric conditions and suitable to be set up in most regions of Australia. Additionally, it may make a small deck seem bigger.


86 — 90 mm. This really is the most common dimensions and most easily accessible. It’s suitable to be installed on most decks if done correctly. A classic is merbau flooring. Merbau is a reddish brown hardwood of excellent durability from south east Asia


130mm plus. As a result of its width most decking needs to be thicker than 19mm for stability and so has been made to order product as there are a variety of sizes available.

Colors and species

Probably the two most important things to consider.

Wood floors come in a rainbow of colors to fit any taste and need. You can also achieve unique look with custom stains and finishes. The possibilities are endless. American oak flooring and blackbutt flooring with creamy light, Jarrah flooring, iron bark timber, Sydney blue gum in red colors, or Cypress pine , kauri pine or maybe tallowwood in yellow.

Today’s wood floors come in more than 50 species, both domestic and exotic, spanning the spectrum of color options, and price ranges. No matter what the look you want to achieve, there are a variety of species to meet your needs. As the Australian timber species lack of dark chocolate color (commercial flooring species) a range of stains and finishes are available to finish


The hardness of the timber is another key component in your decision. Durability and resistance against abrasion or indentation is an important attribute of your future floor. Hardwood floors tend to be more expensive, while softer floors are usually cheaper.

When choosing wood, it is good to plan well in advance and look for different sources on the Internet. The prices of wood oscillate during the year and it pays to invest time by looking for different sources.

Attention should be paid to the choice of the correct wood hardness with regard to the place of its future use. A soft wood for a family of five in a highly used room will not serve very well. The floor in the kitchen which is considered the most frequented place in the house will suffer.

The following appendix contains a graph that shows the hardness of Australian wood and can serve as an aid in deciding which wood will best meet the requirements for future use. The softest commercial timber is Victorian ash and the harder ironbark timber.


The appearance of the wood determines its “grade.” All three grades are equally strong and serviceable, but each offers a different look.

Select grade 

is almost clear, but contains some natural characteristics such as knots and color variations.

Natural grade

wood has more natural characteristics such as knots and color variations than select grades, and often is chosen because of these natural features and the character they bring to a room, variegated appearance, light and dark colors, knots, flags and some borer holes.

Commercial grade

Third grade wood is rustic in appearance allowing all wood characteristics of the species.