Australian timber flooring and timber flooring types

Sizes, colors, species and grades

Sizes, colors, species and grades


Solid timber floors come in various styles – factory finished, unfinished, different sizes, colors, and grades. Choosing the best for you is an important decision and will be based on your lifestyle, decorating style, and the area in which you want to install your timber floor. Talk to timber floor installers Sydney to weigh the advantages of each alternative.



Solid T&G flooring (19mm)


60, 65 mm. Due to the narrow profile, it’s a more stable wood flooring once set up by flooring installation specialists, less vulnerable to movement influenced by large changes in atmospheric conditions. It is ideally suitable for large rooms like gyms and halls. It may make a small room appear more prominent.


80, 85, 100 mm These are the most frequent dimensions and most easily available. They are suitable in many rooms in most regions of Australia. A classic example would be 80mm Brushbox flooring, ironbark floor, Tassie oak flooring, or 100mm cypress pine flooring or Baltic pine. All the sizes mentioned earlier can be secured, nailed, or stapled from the side of the board during the floorboard installation (secret nailing).


130mm. Preferred method of installation if top nail the boards. While broader boards are available, particular focus on wood floor installation methods is imperative to prevent cupping” from using incorrect techniques. Therefore, choosing commercial floor installers, in this case, is strongly recommended.
This size board provides a rich look to any floor and is suitable in most rooms except little ones as it will make small rooms look smaller. Suitable for most regions of Australia, nevertheless not recommended in the tropics. According to Boral, timber 130mm size can be secret nailed as well.
Secret fixing wide board flooring requires skilled tradespeople, who understand the potential hazards of incorrect installation, and should not be undertaken by novice flooring installers.


Overlay Flooring (14mm)


80 — 85 mm floor covering. This is the most frequent dimensions and most readily available. |} It’s suitable in many rooms in most regions of Australia if installed correctly. Victorian ash, brush box timber, spotted gum flooring, or forest reds belong between the most popular.

Decking (19mm)


64 mm. Due to the narrow profile, it’s a more stable wood deck after installed, less susceptible to movement brought on by massive changes in atmospheric conditions and suitable to be set up in most Australia regions. Additionally, it may make a small deck seem larger


86 — 90 mm. This is the most common dimensions and most easily accessible. It’s suitable to be installed on most decks if done correctly. A classic is Merbau flooring. Merbau is a reddish-brown hardwood of excellent durability from southeast Asia.


130mm plus. As a result of its width, most decking needs to be thicker than 19mm for stability, and so has been made to order products as there are various sizes available.

Colors and species

Probably the two most important things to consider.
Wood floors come in a rainbow of colors to fit any taste and need. You can also achieve a unique look with custom stains and finishes. The possibilities are endless. American oak flooring and blackbutt flooring with creamy light, Jarrah flooring, ironbark timber, Sydney blue gum in red colors, or Cypress pine, kauri pine, or maybe tallowwood in yellow are the Sydney’s most popular.
Today’s wood floors come in more than 50 species, both domestic and exotic, spanning the spectrum of color options and price ranges. No matter what the look you want to achieve, there are various species to meet your needs. As the Australian timber species lack of dark chocolate color (commercial flooring species), a range of stains and finishes are available to finish.


The hardness of the timber is another critical component in your decision. Durability and resistance against abrasion or indentation is a vital attribute of your future floor. Hardwood floors tend to be more expensive, while softer floors are usually cheaper.
When choosing wood, it is good to plan well in advance and look for different Internet sources. The prices of wood oscillate during the year, and it pays to invest time by looking for other sources.
Attention should be paid to the choice of the correct wood hardness concerning the place of its future use. Softwood, for a family of five in a highly used room, will not serve very well. The kitchen floor, which is considered the most frequented place in the house, will suffer.
The following appendix contains a graph that shows the hardness of Australian wood and can help decide which wood will best meet the requirements for future use. The softest commercial timber is Victorian ash and the harder ironbark timber.


The appearance of the wood determines its “grade.” All three grades are equally strong and serviceable, but each offers a different look.

Select grade 

is almost clear, but contains some natural characteristics such as knots and color variations.

Natural grade

Wood has more natural characteristics such as knots and color variations than select grades and often is chosen because of these natural features and the character they bring to a room, variegated appearance, light and dark colors, knots, flags, and some borer holes.

Commercial grade

Third grade wood is rustic in appearance allowing all wood characteristics of the species.